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What is FPS?

FPS is a unit that is used to measure frame rate or display device performance. It stands for Frames Per Second, which is dictated by the speed of the memory, CPU, and video card in a computer. As compared to someone with a slower FPS, a higher FPS enables users to perform better and react faster. The FPS, which happens per second, controls the number of full scans of the display screen. This is when the number of times the image is refreshed each second on the screen or the rate at which unique sequential images are produced by an imaging device, which is known as frames.

It is also used to measure video game performance as well as in video capture and playback. In modern times, there are multiple games that contain a keyboard shortcut key or command, which can display the frames per second. Frames per second can also be shown using applications like Fraps. These apps are often included with your computer's hardware and settings.

On average, 12 separate images per second can be processed by the human eye, which means the motion can be displayed by a frame rate of 12 FPS, but it will appear choppy. And, the frames look less discrete and begin to blur together when the frame rate is accessed more than 12 FPS. Because a frame rate of 24 frames per second produces a smooth image, it is extensively utilised in movies. While recording at 30 or 60 frames per second, several video cameras provide smoother motion.

Presently, three main FPS standards, 24p, 25p, and 30p, are used in TV and movie-making, where "p" stands for frame progressive.

  • When transferring a video signal to film, the 24 p (frame progressive) is commonly used.
  • 30p transcribes a film camera's frame rate.
  • For direct compatibility with television, the 25p (frame progressive) is used, which also functions for progressive scan output to monitors, projectors, and LCD displays.
  • The 50p and 60p progressive formats are used for high-end high-definition TV (HDTV).
  • An experiment format is 72p (frame progressive).

The 60p (60 frames per second, progressive scan) format used in HDTV superseded the 60i (60 frames per second, interlaced) format used in NTSC transmissions. That means, as compared to NTSC, HDTV offers a higher resolution as well as yields smoother playback. In order to take use of greater frame rates, the display on which the video is produced must support at least the frame rate. This is the main reason at least 60 hertz are supported by most of the monitors and televisions.

The video motion is completely dependent on the FPS; the greater the FPS, the video motion will be smoother. Usually, 30 FPS or greater is used for full-motion video. FPS speeds vary depending on the type of footage. Higher frames per second (FPS) results in bigger computer files, whereas lower FPS results in smaller computer files. Some of the original 3D video games employed just 6 frames per second. In today's action games, the frame rate can range from 30 to over 100 frames per second.

The maximum frame rate is usually determined by a combination of graphical settings and the GPU. If you run a new game on an old computer, for example, you may have to lower the graphical quality to maintain a high frame rate. And, without reducing the FPS, you may increase the graphics settings if you use a latest computer with a powerful video card. To generate more than 100 FPS, it is not uncommon for a powerful GPU; however, there are some games that restrict the maximum frame rate. Without any lag, for playing a game, it offers surety the game maintains more than 60 frame per second even if a lot is performing on the screen. That's why, to avoid choppy gameplay, it is better to configure your graphics settings conservatively.

FPS may also refer to a genre of video game and stands for first-person shooter.

A player views the game, in an FPS, in a first-person view. The main functions with game interaction are included aiming, moving, and shooting a gun. In 1993, with the release of Doom, FPS games first became popular.

Why does frame rate matter?

The style and viewing experience of a video is completely impacted by the frame rate. All videos have a different-different frame rates and provide different viewing experiences. And, if you choose a specific frame rate, it describes you are thinking about various factors like you want to slow motion or motion-blur effects by using some techniques, or how realistic you want to look your video.

For instance, usually, the film rate of 24fps is used by Hollywood-style movies because this film rate is more realistic and enables us to see the world and creates a very cinematic look. The videos where is a lot happening at once use higher frame rates; for case, videos with a lot of motion or live videos like video game recording or sporting events videos. The video detail will be crisp, and motion smoothest through a higher frame rate.

How do choose the best frame rate for video?

Actually, there is no such thing in terms of the best frame rate. As has been discussed above, all videos have a different-different frame rate and provide different-different results. Thus, it is dependent upon you what frame rate will be fit what you are trying to create. When you are choosing a frame rate, there are four things that you need to keep in your mind.


The frame rate, which controls how realistic a video seems, has a significant influence on its appearance and feel. If you set a frame rate that is too high, the video will suffer from the soap opera effect, and everything will start to seem artificial. And on the other hand, the video will provide a poor experience and start to look choppy if you choose a frame rate that's too low. A few common options are given below that may help to figure out to choose the best frame rate.

  • 24fps: This is the standard that has the potential to maintain the realistic motion of the video and is commonly used for movies and TV shows. A film is often produced and displayed at 24fps, even if it is shot at a higher frame rate. Therefore, most TV shows and features films are created and viewed at 24 fps (Frame per second).
  • 30fps: Since the early days, it has been a standard that is used for television. Despite producers moving toward the 24fps, it is still widely used. The increased frames per second will typically assist recordings with a lot going on at once, such as video game filming or athletic event videos. The strangely complicated is the primary reason to use 30fps.
  • 60+fps: More than 30fps is primarily used to record video game footage or create slow-motion video. Furthermore, as technology is increasing day by day, there are various smartphones available to record at 60 fps as well.


When choosing a frame rate, the next variable is the motion of the video. It is not compulsory to produce a higher frame rate, but it offers a higher level of detail for motion captured. Also, at the time of editing, the higher frame rate allows for more flexibility.


As the video is delivered through broadcast television or YouTube, and a person uses the device to watch the uploaded video, which can impact the options you have for frame rate. All frame rate does not support all devices and delivery methods; therefore, it is better to look into this before you start filming.

Streaming video on the Internet

It supports different streaming services that support a wide array of frame rates and is rapidly becoming the most common way to deliver video. In terms of frame rate online, viewers get a little more relaxed. However, older computer monitors and televisions can handle higher frame rates as they might not have a screen refresh rate.

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