What is a cyberwar?
Cyberwar is a phrase used to describe a conflict between two or more two countries in the virtual world or over the Internet, which is also known as cyberwarfare.
On the other hand, there has been significant debate among experts about what conflicts actually comes under the cyberwar. While the US Department of Defense (DOD) maintains that utilizing computers and the internet to conduct cyber warfare is a national security issue, it is unclear why some activities are categorised as warfare and others as criminality.
Although cyberwar is most commonly associated with attacks by one nation-state against another, it may also refer to strikes carried out by terrorist or hacker groups with the goal of furthering the goals of certain countries. While there have been multiple alleged cyberwarfare attacks in recent history, analysts claim there has yet to be a definitive cyber-attack that directly results in the loss of life; this is regarded an agreed-upon criterion for a cyber act of war.
Examples of cyberwar
The following are some instances that many people believe could occur during a cyberattack, cyberterrorist assault, or cyberwar.
What Does Cyberwar Look Like?
There are a lot of forms of cyber warfare, but they all involve destroying or destabilizing vital systems. The goal is to destabilize the target country with the help of interfering with its key systems.
As a result, cyber warfare could take a variety of forms:
First known use of a cyberweapon and cyberattack
The Stuxnet virus is widely regarded as the first cyberweapon used in a cyberattack, which was discovered in 2010, and it was used in a cyberattack against Iran's nuclear enrichment infrastructure.
After Russia invaded Ukraine on 25 February 2022, Anonymous declared a cyberwar on Russia.
What are the goals of cyberwarfare?
The primary objective of cyberwar, according to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, is to "disrupt, weaken, or destroy" another country. Cyberwarfare programs aim for a wide range of purposes that could hurt national interests in order to achieve their goals. These threats can range from advertising to espionage, as well as significant disruption, such as massive infrastructure damage and loss of life among the targeted country's citizens.
Cyberwarfare and cyberespionage are frequently used interchangeably. The most important contrast is that a cyber-espionage attack's primary objective is to keep the attacker concealed for as long as possible in order to gather intelligence, but a cyberwar attack's primary goal is to disrupt a nation-state. The two activities are sometimes frequently combined. Cyber espionage, for instance, can be employed to gather intelligence that aids a nation-state in preparing for a physical or cyberwar.
Would I be safe in a cyberwar?
Although there are no chances you would be attacked in a cyberwar, it will affect your life. Attacks on your local power grid might knock you off the grid for days or weeks, or create frequent brownouts.
You must be prepared for disruptions in order to keep yourself as well as your family safe during a cyberwar. Some ideas are as follows.
Can people die in a cyberwar?
Yes, it is possible to die people because of a cyber war. Someone could die as a result of a cyberwar disrupting people's lives. For instance, people could die due to a lack of oxygen in case, if their power is disrupted due to a cyberattack, and they require power to keep their oxygen machine functioning. In a cyberwar, however, most attacks are directed at computers and network equipment.
What types of cyber weapons are used in warfare?
The following are some examples of acts that could be qualified as cyberwar:
Is there a cyber army?
Yes, in today's fast-paced business environment, most governments have cyber security agencies (cyber army) to assist protect against cyberattacks that may occur during a cyberwar. These militaries hire computer and security professionals to assist in the defence and, if necessary, attack of other countries. Some of these government departments are listed below.
Note: The list is given below that only includes inter-services or military departments, which collaborate across departments within a country. There are various countries (e.g., the United States) that maintain separate cyber departments for each branch of the military, such as Army, Navy, Marines, National Guard, Air Force, Coast Guard, etc.)
What are the types of cyberwar attacks?
As a country's key systems become more connected to the internet, the possibility of cyberwarfare assaults grows. These systems can be hacked by culprits hired by nation-states in order to uncover and exploit vulnerabilities even if they are well-secured. The following are some of the most common types of cyberwar attacks.
Through government's essential infrastructure, such as dams, transportation networks, electricity grids, banking systems, water supply, and hospitals, has been targeted by cybercriminals to attack in recent years. The industrial industry is becoming increasingly vulnerable to outside dangers as the internet of things becomes more widely adopted.
From a national security aspect, destabilizing important digital infrastructure has a severe influence on vital contemporary services and operations. For instance, an attack on the electricity grid may have significant ramifications for the industrial, commercial, as well as private sectors.
In order to offer support for conventional warfare tactics, attacks on government computer systems that sabotage them can be used. Such kinds of attacks have the potential to allow for the theft of sensitive information and endanger national security, disrupt official government communications, and pollute digital systems.
For case, military-sponsored or State-sponsored attacks may have the intention to obtain information on troop locations, weaponry, and equipment with the help of attacking military databases.
3. Data theft
The computer system can be hacked by hackers in order to steal information that can be used for any illegal operation, spying, held for ransom, sold, used to stir up scandals and unrest, or even destroyed.
Cyberattacks against government agencies, high-tech firms, defense, as well as economic crimes involving more than $1 million in losses are tracked by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Nation-state hacking and data theft are common cyber events in CSIS timelines dating back to 2006.
Since 2010, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence has held annual war games to improve preparedness and explore countermeasures to defend states against cyber-attacks.
On August 2, 2017, President Trump signed Public Law 115-44, the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, into law. New penalties were imposed on Iran, North, Russia, and Korea as part of this bill to assist deter cyberwarfare and boost the US information security program.
77 cybersecurity provisions are included in the National Defense Authorization Act for 2021, along with other funds and rules for DOD programs as well as activities. It is regarded as a major component of cybersecurity legislation.