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Bell Curve in Excel

A bell curve is a symmetrical graph used in statistics showing how data tend to cluster around a mean or centre value in a given dataset. It is also called a conventional normal distribution or a Gaussian curve.

Plotting values directly on the chart to form a bell-shaped curve-hence the name-the x-axis displays the values' relative probability of appearing in the dataset, while the y-axis shows the data's likelihood of occurring in the dataset.

Bell Curve in Excel

With the help of the graph, we may determine if a given number is within the expected fluctuation or needs additional research since it is statistically significant.

Learn how to build a normal distribution bell curve in Excel from the beginning with this step-by-step tutorial:

Methods for making an Excel bell curve with a normal distribution

It takes two pieces of information to plot a Gaussian curve:

  • The standard measurement is sometimes called the mean. In doing so, the curve's centre is established, which defines the curve's location.
  • The measurement's standard deviation (SD). In other words, it indicates how widely the curve should be or how your data should be distributed inside a normal distribution. For example, the range of lengths between test results of 53 and 85 is represented by a standard deviation of the mean in the bell curve above.

Conversely, a lower standard deviation indicates a higher curve and fewer dispersed data.

A useful criterion to remember while analyzing any kind of normal distribution curve is the 68-95-99.7 rule, which states that around 68% of your data will be located within one standard deviation of the mean, 95% within two standard deviations, and 99.7% within three standard deviations.

We will go from theoretical to practice now that you understand the fundamentals.

Getting Started

Using 200 students' test results as an example, suppose you wish to grade them "on a curve," which bases the students' grades on how well they performed in comparison to the other students in the class:

Bell Curve in Excel

Step 1: Calculate the mean.

If you aren't initially provided with the standard deviation and mean values, you can quickly and simply compute them by following a few easy steps. Let us address the mean initially.

You may obtain your standard measurement using the AVERAGE function since the mean is the average value of the sample or population with data.

To determine the average exam score in the dataset, enter the next formula onto any empty cell (F1 in this case) adjacent to your real data (columns A and B):

Bell Curve in Excel

Just a brief reminder: you probably have to round up the formula's output. To accomplish it, just wrap everything in the ROUND operation in the manner described below:

Bell Curve in Excel

Step 2: Find the standard deviation

One down and one to go. Fortunately, Excel provides a unique feature that will handle all the tedious work of calculating the standard deviation for you:

Once more, all values in the designated cell range (B2:B201) are selected by the formula, which then calculates the standard deviation. However, remember to round the result as well.

Bell Curve in Excel

Step 3: Configure the curve's x-axis parameters.

Simply put, the chart comprises a large number of intervals, or steps, connected by a line to form a smooth curve.

The exam score will be represented visually by the x-axis values in this instance, and the y-axis values will indicate the chance that a student will receive that score on the test.

As long as you remember to adjust the horizontal axis of the scale later, you may easily remove any unnecessary data. In theory, you can add as many intervals as you like. Ensure that the range you choose encompasses all three standard deviations.

To put up another helper table, let's start a count at one (because there is no way for a student to receive a negative exam result) and go up to 100. Whether it's 100 or 1000, it doesn't matter.

  1. Select any blank cell (E5, for example) under the chart data and enter "1," which denotes the first interval.
  2. Go to the tab marked "Home."
  3. Select "Fill" from the Editing group's menu.
  4. Click "Series in" and choose "Column."
  5. Enter 1 for "Step value." The increments that Excel will automatically add up until it reaches the final interval are determined by this setting.
  6. Enter "100," which is the final interval, in the "Stop value" field and press "OK."
Bell Curve in Excel

Then, 99 cells in column E(E6:E99) will be filled with the values from 2 to 99.

Step 4: Determine the normal distribution values for each x-axis value.

For each interval, find the normal distribution's values, which are the x-axis values representing the probability of a student receiving a particular exam score. Thankfully, Excel's NORM.DIST function is the workhorse that can handle all of these computations for you.

In your first interval's cell (F4) on the right, type this formula (E4):

This represents the decoded version so you can make the necessary adjustments:

To make the formula for each of the other intervals (E6:E104) easy to use, you lock the standard deviation (SD) and mean values.

Bell Curve in Excel

Double-click on the filling handle to copy the formula into the remaining cells (F6:F104). Step and do

Step 5: Make a scatter plot using smooth lines.

The bell curve building phase has finally arrived:

  1. The helper table (E5:F104) with x and y-axis values can be selected to show any value.
  2. Navigate to the Insert menu.
  3. Then select "Insert Bubble Chart or Scatter (X, Y)".
  4. Under "Scatter with Smooth Lines," select it.
Bell Curve in Excel

Step 6: Place the label table

Your bell curve is there, technically. Yet, because there isn't any information describing it, it would not be easy to read.

Now that we have labels for every standard deviation value either below or above the mean (you may additionally utilize them to show the z-scores), let's add them to the normal distribution to make it appear more informative.

For that, create another table as follows:

Bell Curve in Excel

Copy the Mean value (F1) in columns X-Value (I5) next to its corresponding cell.

Bell Curve in Excel

Next, calculate the standard deviation using this straightforward formula in cell I4. The values below the mean:

Bell Curve in Excel

In short, the formula deducts the sum of the values of the previous standard deviations from the mean. To duplicate the formula in the final two cells (I2:I3), drag the handle for filling upward at this point.

Apply the mirror formula,

  • To the standard deviations beyond the mean and repeat the process.
  • Apply the same formula to the remaining two cells (I7:I8).

Once the data markers are where you want them to be, enter the y-axis value labels (J2:J8) with zeros.

Bell Curve in Excel

Step 7: Fill in the chart with the label data

Add all of the prepared data now. Select Data can be selected by right-clicking on the chart plot.

Choose "Add" from the dialogue box that appears.

Bell Curve in Excel

Click "OK" after selecting the right cell ranges for the helper table (I2:I8 for "Series X " and J2:J8 for "Series Y "values).

Bell Curve in Excel

Step 8: Modify the label series's chart type.

The chart type of the newly added series must be changed for the data markers to appear as dots. Right-click on the graph plot and choose "Change Chart Type."

Bell Curve in Excel

Create a combo chart after that:

  1. Select the Combo tab.
  2. Set "Chart Type" to "Scatter" for Series "Series 2."

Note: Ensure that "Series1" remains a "Scatter with Smooth Lines." When you create a combo, Excel will occasionally alter it. Ensure that "Series1" is not shifted onto the Secondary Axis by unchecking the box beside the chart type.

3. Select "OK."

Bell Curve in Excel

Step 9: Scale the horizontal axis differently.

Adjust the horizontal axis scale to centre the chart over the bell curve. Select "Format Axis" from the menu by right-clicking on the horizontal axis.

Bell Curve in Excel

After the task pane displays, carry out these actions:

  • Click On the Axis Options tab.
  • Put the value of "15" for the Minimum Bounds.
  • Put "125" as the value for the Maximum Bounds.

Although you have the standard deviation range, you can adjust the axis scale range as you see fit. However, to display the "tail" of the curve set the Bounds values slightly away from all of the third standard deviations.

Step 10: Put the customized data labels in place and follow

Remember to include the custom labels for the data as you finalize your chart. Choose "Add Data Labels" from the menu when you right-click on a dot representing Series "Series 2."

Bell Curve in Excel

Afterwards, put the labels you previously configured above the data markers and swap out the default ones.

  1. Choose any "Series2" data label by doing a right-click.
  2. Make the choice "Format Data Labels."
  3. On the task pane, select the Label Options tab.
  4. Tick the box next to "X Value."
  5. Empty the "Y Value" box.
  6. Select "Above" under "Label Position."
Bell Curve in Excel

Moreover, the gridlines can now be eliminated by right-clicking on them and selecting Delete.

Step 11: If desired, change the data markers' colour.

To help the dots match your chart style, you can finally recolour them.

  1. To edit a Series "Series2" data label, right-click on it.
  2. Select the "Fill" option.
  3. Choose your hue from the choice that displays.
Bell Curve in Excel

Remove the borders surrounding the dots as well:

  1. Select "Outline" by second right-click on the identical data marker.
  2. Opt for "No Outline."
Bell Curve in Excel

Step 12: If desired, add vertical lines

You can add vertical lines into the chart as a last modification to help highlight the SD values.

  1. Select the chart plot to ensure that the lines are inserted straight into the chart.
  2. Select the Insert tab.
  3. Select "Shapes" from the menu.
  4. Select "Line."

To draw precisely vertical lines of each of the dots to where each meets the bell curve, hold down the "SHIFT" key and drag the mouse.

Bell Curve in Excel

Your enhanced bell curve, displaying your important distribution data, is ready when you change the chart title.

Bell Curve in Excel

That's the way it's done. With these simple steps, you can draw a bell curve with a normal distribution from any dataset!

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